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India Explores Brazilian Urad: Strengthening Supply for a Staple Pulse


India, a major consumer of urad, is actively seeking new import sources to address the supply-demand gap. The country is engaged in advanced negotiations with Brazil to import urad, aiming to stabilise domestic prices and ensure a consistent supply. In this comprehensive blog, we delve into India's efforts to diversify urad imports, reduce dependence on current sources, and analyse the potential benefits and challenges of this strategic move.

Current Import Scenario:

India imports 7-7.5 lakh metric tons of urad annually, with Myanmar accounting for 74% of the total. Concerns over price volatility and supply disruptions have prompted India to explore alternate sources.

Brazil as a Potential Supplier:

Recognising Brazil's favourable agro-climatic conditions, India is engaged in advanced negotiations for urad imports. This proactive approach reflects India's strategy to secure a consistent supply and diversify import origins.

Reducing Dependence on Myanmar:

To mitigate risks, India seeks additional urad procurement locations beyond its current reliance. Recent cautions to Myanmar exporters have further emphasised the need for diversification, given urad's vital role in Indian cuisine.

Challenges and Benefits:

Diversifying imports from Brazil can stabilise prices, ensure a steady supply, and reduce vulnerability to climate change or geopolitical conflicts. However, addressing logistics, quality control, and establishing long-term trading cooperation pose challenges.


India's pursuit of urad imports from Brazil underscores its commitment to a reliable supply. By diversifying sources and reducing dependence on a single nation, India aims to achieve long-term food security while mitigating current concerns. Ongoing discussions with Brazil hold promising prospects for both countries in this significant agricultural trade.



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