Have you ever observed a western portrayal of Indian food without it being 'hot and spicy'? We haven't either. This blog will cover the 'hot' part of stereotype. Yep, you guessed it right. Chilli is the ingredient that gives Indian food that warmth we all love. Chilli is one of the quintessential part of Indian cuisine and is consumed most commonly in powdered form and whole.
In India, a multitude of chilli varieties are enjoyed, each with its unique Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) value, determining its level of spiciness. This vibrant range of chilies caters to diverse culinary preferences, with milder options like Kashmiri Chilli adding vibrant red colour, while higher SHU varieties are used sparingly to infuse intense heat into dishes. Let's get a better understanding of different Varieties of Chillies.
1. Kashmiri Chillies, Kashmir
Kashmiri chillies are known for their vibrant red hue and mild spiciness. With a Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) value ranging from 1,000 to 2,000, these chilies add a delightful touch of colour and a subtle hint of warmth to dishes. An Indian kitchen is deficient without Kashmiri mirch powder as this adds the signature red colour to the mouth-watering dishes.
2. Bhut Jolokia, North East India
Bhut Jolokia, also known as the Ghost Pepper, is an exceptionally hot chili variety originating from Northeast India. With a scorching Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) value of over 1 million, it holds the title of one of the hottest peppers in the world. Its fiery heat, combined with its unique smoky and fruity flavour, adds an intense and unforgettable kick to spicy dishes and sauces.
3. Jwala Chilli, Gujarat
Also known as finger hot pepper, is basically developed in southern parts of Gujarat. It is known for its fiery heat and distinctive flavour. With a Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) value ranging from 30,000 to 50,000, it packs a punch in spice-loving cuisines. Commonly used in Indian dishes like pickles and chutneys, Jwala Chilli adds a tantalising heat that ignites the taste buds.
4. Guntur Chilli, Andhra Pradesh
Hailing from the fertile region of Guntur in Andhra Pradesh, it is renowned for its fiery spiciness and distinctive flavour profile. With a Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) value ranging from 30,000 to 50,000,this versatile chilli is a popular choice for adding a kick to Indian curries, chutneys, and pickles.
5. Kanthari Chilli, Kerala
Kanthari Chilli, also known as the Bird's Eye Chilli, is a fiery variety native to Kerala. With a Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) value ranging from 100,000 to 200,000, it packs a punch of intense spiciness. Despite its small size, Kanthari Chilli adds a powerful heat and a distinct flavor to dishes, making it a favorite among spice enthusiasts
6. Byadagi Chilli, Karnataka
Byadgi chilli, a renowned variety from Karnataka, is treasured for its vibrant red color and mild spiciness. With a Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) value ranging from 5,000 to 15,000, it offers a pleasant heat that enhances the flavours of dishes without overpowering them. Commonly used in South Indian cuisine, Byadgi chilli adds a distinctive flavour profile and a beautiful red hue to curries, chutneys, and spice blends. Its versatility and balanced heat make it a favourite among chilli enthusiasts and culinary experts.
7. Ramnad Mundu/Gundu Chilli, Tamil Nadu
This Chilli Is Almost Circular In Shape and has a glossy Orange Red Skin. An iconic chilli variety hailing from Ramnad region of Tamil Nadu. With a Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) value ranging from 30,000 to 50,000, this chilli offers a delightful balance of heat and flavour.
8. Dhani Chilli, Manipur
This chilli is grown in Manipur and is easily available in Kolkata.Known for its intense heat and distinctive flavour, this chilli boasts a Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) value ranging from 90,000 to 200,000, making it a true spice lover's delight.
From the mild and flavourful Kashmiri Chilli to the fiery ghost pepper, each variety brings its own unique character to the table. Whether you prefer a subtle hint of spice or crave a fiery explosion of heat, these chilli varieties offer endless opportunities to elevate your dishes.
Choosing the right Chilli variety is of paramount importance when it comes to making Chilli powder and spice blends. Don't worry, we got you covered. We offer multiple chilli varieties with necessary certifications. Feel free to reach out, we'll be more than happy to guide you through the process.